Thursday, February 28, 2019
Arousal, Behavior, Stress, and Affect Worksheet Essay
What are the differences amid physiological and mental c either for? Provide examples of each in your chemical reaction.Need theories get hold of that motivation is rooted on the achievement of once conveys. Therefore, one acts and behaves in order to satisfy a need, there are many kinds and types of require that several theorists have expounded along the years. unmatchable of the most popular need theories on motivation is that of Abraham Maslow. The hierarchy of needs differentiates between physiological and psychological needs. Physiological needs are those basic needs that must be met for survival of the individual like food, shelter, clo matter and sex. Physiological needs alike have to be immediately quelled as it is crucial for the foundation and stability of the human tree trunk.For example, if a soulfulness is hungry so all other functions may be affected and it would cause the mortal to be dizzy, to feel weak and be unable to work on tasks or even to ex ist. Psychological needs are needs that are basically psychological nature and those that contri merelye to the well-being of the individual. For example, need for belongingness is a pretend that enables us to quantify the need of people for building kinds and being break apart of a group or family.Psychological needs screw be satisfied immediately or it can be delayed, however a persons adept of well-being and happiness is often associated with the fulfillment of psychological needs. Moreover, according to Maslow, psychological needs have to be satisfied in order, some needs are higher than others and it runs people to fulfill the said needs incrementally, for example they can only begin to mobilise about self-actualization if the individual has non been able to attain esteem needs such as the mastery of ones profession.What is the relationship between rousing and behavior? Does this relationship impact operation and affect?A persons behavior is said to be driven by a s timulus that is a person is aroused to act in response to the stimulus that aroused the behavior. Arousal is the state in which a person or organism is prepared for action. The brain signals the specific organs in the body to react to the stimulus, if the arousal is weak then the response may to a fault be weak. In other cases, if the arousal is strong, then the reaction may excessively be strong.However, there are cases when lengthened arousal is detrimental to the body as it may result to heightened arousal which results to chronic dialect. Behavior is the actions that an individual manifests in response to a stimulus. Ones behavior depends on the stimulus and the state of arousal of the individual. The relationship between arousal and behavior also affects performance and affect. For example, the level of performance of the individual can be increased by the state of arousal in the person.Arousal may pass from several sources like the send for of reward or even punishment. At the same time, the individuals performance may also become decreased because the person is not motivated which may translate to lower arousal state. Affect is also contingent on behavior and arousal. If the person likes what he/she is doing it would then motivate him/her to perform better. When a person desires the behavior and finds it meaningful and important, then that person would have positive feelings for that behavior and accordingly increase performance. On the other hand, if the person has negative feelings about the behavior then performance would also be affected.What are the long-term and short-term effects of stress on the body, brain, and behavior?Stress is both a good and bad thing for the body, brain and behavior of man. Stress motivates the person to act and behave in ways that would lessen or eradicate the stress. Stress may come from an event, a person, a situation or even from a ain problem. Stress affects the individual by motivating them to act or show the behavior but it is also possible that people would evade the stressor as a means of coping with stress. Short-term effects of stress are beneficial to the body but long-term stress is not.Prolonged stress has many physiological effects stress may bring the body heightened arousal which is manifested by increased heart rate, sweating, sleeplessness, nervousness and the like. The body can only take too a good deal stress, and if the body is subjected to too much stress it may result to fatigue, sickness and certain illnesses such as cardiovascular diseases and the like. Stress can also wreak havoc to the persons brain that is too much stress has been found to be the cause of post traumatic stress disorder which is a mental disorder and can lead to psychotic breaks.Due to very stressful situations or experiences that may result to trauma, the brain reacts to the stress to lessen it and hence tricks the brain into remembering only those events that are safe and provided a sense of sec urity for the person. Prolonged stress can also cause behavioural symptoms such as erratic behavior, irrational thinking and low thwarting tolerance. The natural response of the body to stress is to take control of it, but sometimes stress may be too much for the body. file name extensionWeinberg, R. S. & Gould, D. (2007). Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology 4th ed. Champaign, IL Humans Kinetics.