Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Voting Franchise A Major Source of Political Influence essays The voting franchise, how many people participate in the voting process, is known to be an important factor in shaping government policies. A recent study examined state government spending and state and local spending for forty-six states from 1950 until 1988 (Husted and Kenny, 1997). It found that the elimination of poll taxes and literacy tests led to higher turnout, particularly among the poor, and a poorer pivotal voter. As a result, a fall in the income of voters relative to state income, and the ouster of Republicans from state government led to a sharp rise in welfare spending but no change in other spending. Today, legislative redistricting is one of the most hotly debated areas that impact the voter franchise. The U.S. Supreme Court has stated, "Unconstitutional discrimination occurs ... when the electoral system is arranged in a manner that will consistently degrade a voter's or a group of voters' influence on the political process as a whole" (Statement on the voter redistricting process). Many critics feel that voting districts are redrawn for partisan considerations resulting in political gerrymandering that interferes with the right to vote, and is used by the legislature to dilute votes and influence the outcome of the elections, thereby impairing Further, activists charge that there are many citizens who are prevented, either by law or practice, from registering or voting. The laundry list of examples supporting this belief include laws that link voter eligibility to criminal conviction and citizenship, needlessly early voter registration deadlines, difficult voter registration processes, inaccessible and out-of-the-way polling places, and voting machines that require English literacy, visual acuity and manual dexterity (Blain, 2004). Clearly, the voter franchise is a major source of political influence ...
Saturday, November 23, 2019
Nantucket essays Nathaniel Philbricks In the Heart of the Sea, starts off by introducing the main characters from Nantucket Island. Quakers dominated the island both economically and culturally. This included Thomas Nickerson, a fourteen-year-old boy that feels pleased for the fact that he is going to sail in the Essex accompanied with his friends Ray, Coffin and Ramsdell. In this book, George Pollard play the role of the captain of the Essex while Owen Chase takes over as first mate. When they left the island, they crew was all excited to start hunting for oil, but what they didnt know was what there futures would bring them. During the successful months of whaling, a gigantic angry whale, which was in the process to be hunted, attacks the sail and sinks the ship. It becomes a nightmare to all the crew. All those days of sailing, and all that oil earned were lost. The thing that occupied the crews mind was surviving. When they were at sea in there life boats, they decided to plan how much food and water they would drink a day. Weeks had passed and men had died. They stopped at an island and found nothing. Therefore, they decided to keep sailing. Fights would break out since some of the surviving crewmember would steal each others food and water. This often led to cannibalism. The needs for water were greater than food. The crew had not really thought out that there life was more important than going out to whale hunt and risk there lives. On February 25, 1821, Chase, Nickerson, and Lawrence arrived to a port in Chile. The rest of the crew had died or got lost. ...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Analysis - Case Study Example At the end of the analysis, recommendations are provided as to how such types of situations can be avoided. Carl Robbins was a new employee in the organization with just six months of enrollment in the firm. According to my analysis, Carl Robbins had taken up a huge task that was not for him to be conducted at this early stage. He was new to the organization and therefore needed more time to get acquainted to the practices of the firm. Major and crucial tasks that should have been addressed earlier were neglected by Carl Robbins and were pondered upon at a later and late stage. Carl Robbins lacked time management skills, planning skills and proper organizing skills. Carl Robbins works for ABC Inc as a new recruitment officer of their campus. He is a new employee in this organization with just six months of work experience. In such a short work time duration, Carl conducted recruitment process and in April 15 trainees were recruited. Monica Carrolls is the Operations Supervisor of ABC Inc and she contacted Carl on 15th May about the briefings of the orientation sessions and also about the paper work issues. She wanted to ensure that all the documentation work of the new trainees such as drug tests, schedules, policy manual and other such documents were ready for the orientation session. When about two weeks were left for 15th June, Carl realized that many aspects were not completed. The manuals and policies were not prepared and also he found out at that time that the training room had been booked for computer trainings for the whole month of June. The new trainee orientation session planned by Carl would have to face delays due to his mismanagement of the event preparations. It was too early for Carl to take up such a project or task. Key problems were that the training schedule was not planned, the policy booklets and manuals should have been ready, Carl did not ensure about proper documentation
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Business law - Essay Example The second area of grounds for action is the failure of the transit agency, with regards to assigning a staff member, who would oversee the safety measures to be observed while using the buses owned by the company. Further, the roles of the safety director should be clearly stated. From the case of the Lancung bus, it is apparent that the driver took the responsibility for safety, by refraining the dancing of the passengers at the bus, which was not enough to maintain safety during the duration of travel. The other area that a suit against the company could be based on is the limitation of the role of employees, towards accident prevention at the bus. First, it should be noted that the responsibility of accident prevention lies with all personnel, including higher ranking staff like the board of directors to low ranking staffs like drivers. In this area, the company holds the responsibility of hiring qualified personnel, who can aid in the prevention of accidents. The orientation and training of employees should also be carried out, with special regard to accident prevention. Particularly, in the case of drivers, the agency should have employed drivers who are knowledgeable in the area of the accident prevention system, procedures and policies, which were not observed by the driver in question (Byman 5-7). Other areas that drivers should be knowledgeable in, include federal, local and state regulation on safety, these including the OSHA, state safety belts. This is especially an important area, as the driver Ã¢â¬â from the case Ã¢â¬â only required that the passengers sit down, but did not give any regard to the use of safety belts Ã¢â¬â which may have avoided the injuries noted. The company should also have checked the driver for knowledge on safe limitation and operation of brakes and transit emergency procedures. Of particular significance to the case is the questionable experience of the driver, who should be knowledgeable in avoiding sudden stops Ã ¢â¬â which were the direct cause of the injuries, on-board altercations and the action to be taken, and passenger evacuation Ã¢â¬â where there is need for that. These areas will offer the grounds for action in law to the passengers of the company in question, which may be sued for the injuries sustained by the passengers (Byman 8-15). This case is comparable to that of Donoghue v StevensonÃ Ã UKHL 100, where Mrs. Donoghue drank a bottle of ginger beer, which contained a snail. After the incident, she fell ill, which made her sue the ginger beer manufacturer. During the hearing, the house decided that the manufacturer had failed to exercise their duty of care to her Ã¢â¬â as a customer of their beer. Therefore, it was noted that there was the breach of that duty of care, as the manufacturerÃ¢â¬â¢s failure to check the safety of the product had caused her harm. In the same line, the case of Lancung transit shows a case of breach of the duty of care, as the company , according to its accident prevention program Ã¢â¬â should have ensured that the safety of all the passengers was maintained at maximum. An example of the duties of care breached include requiring the
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Technological Advances in the Last Century Essay In the last century, technology has changed mass media immensely. A hundred years ago, people would use the post office, a rare telephone or word of mouth to communicate across large distances. These were not the most efficient methods of communication. However since then we have developed ways of communicating in faster, more effective ways. In the 1920s, radios started becoming more and more popular. Not only did they produce music for entertainment, they also produced news stories and many advertisements. In the late 1920s, the Great Depression started. It was due to the radio that many people likely heard the news and offers of employment with Franklin RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s New Deal. As people were listening to the radio more often they also began to mistrust Ã¢â¬Å"big businessÃ¢â¬ , because people started to feel exploited in all aspects of life by the large businesses. Since a lot of lower class people did not know how to read in those times, newspapers and written advertisements were not the most effective means of communication. This made the radio even more popular, because not only educated people, but also uneducated people could gain knowledge that was previously restricted to those who could read. When the 1930s came around, radio was still just as popular as in the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s, and they also used motion pictures for entertainment and advertising. In the 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s the television began to make its appearance on the scene allowing the public to view daily fiction shows, as well as news broadcasts and advertisements. Families began moving from big cities to the suburbs, where being in close vicinity is no longer needed because of the television. Defense technology and satellites began the beginning of the internet as a result of the Vietnam War in 1959. During the 1960s, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) controlled radio and television airwaves, ruling what was appropriate or not for viewers to see or hear. Social issues such as race, class, politics, and prejudice are huge topics for television shows. In the 1970s a great new invention called the Video Cassette Recorder (VCR) was introduced and the public could watch pre-recorded movies, documentaries, or biographies of their choice. They could watch something other than a program they did not choose to watch, but were forced to watch, because of the lack of networks and programming. Computer corporations also came out with the microprocessor, which was, and still is, essentially the Ã¢â¬Å"brainÃ¢â¬ for a computer. When the microprocessor was revealed, computers were about as big as a small room. Computer engineers did not think, at the time, that a computer would ever be smaller than a small living room, because they did not believe it would be possible to create such a huge amount of information in such a small device. As we moved into the 1980s, cable television exploded into a nationwide phenomenon. Cable networks varied from all day long heartfelt movies to 24/7 news broadcasts to any music video you could think of to reality television. The digital era became fully fledged in the 1990s. There were computers in virtually every home, and consumers were able to use dial-up internet to E-Mail individuals, or to use it for business communication around the world. With the computers in the home and advancement of technology came the advent of the laptop. This was essentially a home computer that could fit on the lap of the individual. Individuals werenÃ¢â¬â¢t only confined to their own state or country anymore, the movement had become global. Compact Discs (CD) and Digital Video Discs (DVD) were expanding, having movies, music and video games as content. Soon, the population would learn how to use the internet to broadcast news videos and personal videos. As the world passes the turn of the century, movies, TV shows, music, books, magazines, and newspapers all converge on the internet. Within 10 years, inventors and major cell phone and computer companies develop Ã¢â¬Å"SmartphonesÃ¢â¬ , or cell phones on steroids. Everything basic that anyone can do from a desktop computer, they can do from the palm of their hand. Soon, those boom into touch screen tablets, where anyone can watch podcasts, play games, write documents, search the web, and communicate more efficiently and instantaneously. As Bill Gates once said Ã¢â¬Å"640KB [of memory] ought to be enough for anybody. Ã¢â¬ (Adams McCrindle, 2008) This just shows how much our technology has advanced. Some portable devices have up to 64MB for memory, plus extra internal memory as well. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s 65,536KB, about ten times more than what Bill Gates originally thought would be enough. In conclusion, media literacy is hugely important for consumers in this day in age. People are often on the run, working, exercising, taking kids to school or practice, that they rarely have time to actually sit down and read the paper, or watch the news. If consumers have all that information clipped to their waists, or in their briefcase, when people have a few minutes to relax, they can sit down and take time to do what they enjoy, whether it be watching the news, watching sports highlights, reading, social networking or playing games. Anything they want is at the touch of a finger.
Friday, November 15, 2019
A Study of Gladiator This is a study of the 1999 box-office hit, Gladiator, starring Russell Crowe. In this article, I will be looking at camera shots, soundtrack, special effects and other things, that enhance the viewing of the film, and increase its quality. We watched the first forty minutes of the film, and were asked to analyse its media attributes. The film is set in the Caesar period, at the end of the reign of Marco Aurelius. The main opening scene is set in Germania, and it is the beginning of a battle, but the end of a war, between the Roman legion and some barbarians. The very first scene is not a reality shot, it's a "dream" shot. The scene itself is at Maximus' home, in his cornfield, walking along, while brushing his hand through the wheat. This scene shows that while Maximus is a great general and a noble leader, he really would like to go home, to see his wife and child. The camera angle used in the scene shows the view from Maximus' legs. Having shown this dream, the film quickly proceeds to the next scene, which starts off showing Maximus looking at a robin. This is good for the scene; it could be filmed showing Maximus' last look at peace before he goes into battle. The shot is filmed through Maximus' eyes, then zooming out to show that it is Maximus looking at the robin. After this scene, Maximus is shown talking to Quintus about the battle ahead. Quintus asks Maximus about the range, because he is concerned that they are not close enough, but Maximus replies, "the range is good." This shows Maximus' confidence, and this obviously shows he is experienced in battle and an influential leader. Maximus the... ...ding back to his own home as fast as he can. The film also shows shots of the pictures running through his mind, his family being killed by Roman soldiers, his little son being trampled by the cavalry of horses. He arrives back to his home after at least a day of solid riding, and he is distraught. He dismounts the horse he escaped on, stumbles over towards his house, and sees a horrific sight; his wife and son, hung from the porch. The camera is positioned behind the two hanging bodies, and shows the bottom half of these, and Maximus' face, as he collapses on the floor in exhaustion and sadness. This is only a study of the first forty minutes of Gladiator, yet there are a huge number of different camera angles and techniques. This continues throughout the film, and shows true directing quality by the films director.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
World War 2 brought many new ideas and changes to American life. Even though World War 2 brought Ã¢â¬Å"no physical destruction to the United States mainlandÃ¢â¬ , it did affect American society in numerous ways. (Roark). World War 2Ã¢â¬â¢s effects on American society include a change in the workplace with an increase in industry and an robust economy, a look at AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s own prejudices, and shortages in everyday life. With the war overseas, American companies stopped producing the goods of American life and created goods needed to fight a war. The increase in production helped to rebuild the nation after the Great Depression. This economy also decreased unemployment, achieving what the programs of the New Deal had intended to do. With many men off to war, women were brought into the workplace and a new trend began in the American industrial society. Women took up jobs in industry that had once been reserved for men. They worked in the factories as riveters, welders, and heavy machine operators. Ã¢â¬Å"By 1945, women made up 36% of the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s total workforce.Ã¢â¬ (http://us.history.wisc.edu/hist102/lectures /lecture21.html) With a war overseas Americans were forced to look at their own prejudices on the home front. While Hitler and Nazism supported the elimination of the non-Arian German, African Americans and other cultures of the United States fought to gain the respect of the United States. While whites and American males fought in the wars of the past numerous other cultures saw World War 2 as a war to show their worth. Cultures such as African Americans, Native Americans, and Chinese Americans fought side by side to fight for America. Another effect of World War 2 was that of price controls and the shortage of supplies. Price controls were put in place to control a lower price on items in short supply. One item that was in short supply was that of gas. This was due to a combination of the need for its use overseas and the sinking of oil tankers in the Atlantic. Other items such as rubber were also in short supply, thus Americans were forced to do less driving and traveling during the time of the war. In order to provide food for soldiers overseas as well as for the rest of the American people, the government began a campaign to supply fruits and vegetables to all. This campaign became known as VictoryÃ Gardens, and contributed 40% of the vegetables grown in the country during the war. The United States changed for the better with World War II. First the manufacturing of goods for American allies and then American forces helped to rebuild the national economy after the Great Depression. Secondly the United StateÃ¢â¬â¢s policy of isolation was abandoned with the bombing of Pearl Harbor and Americans realized that Europe was only a pond away. Also after a buildup of the military the United States become a leading military power. With the war fought over in Europe, the United States was also spared with the physical destruction faced by Europe; in this the US economy was able to dominate the world. This ultimately led to the status that the United States has today, as being a worldly power.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
No, humans did not evolve from monkeys, but did we evolve from apes then? Well turns out even though we are more closely related to apes than monkeys, we still didnÃ¢â¬â¢t evolve from them. So who or what did humans evolve from? Scientists believe that humans share a common ancestor with modern African apes (gorillas, chimpanzees). This ancestor lived five to eight million years ago, but hold on if this was true wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t this mean that humans and apes would be exactly the same? According to evolution we would be, but the ancestors species diverged into two separate linages one being the apes and chimps and the other one being an early human called a hominid. There were many different hominids but over time the hominids who didnÃ¢â¬â¢t go extinct, evolved and diverged thus becoming a new species. The statement that humans come from monkeys is a misconception because if that were true then we would have no monkeys, but instead all of those monkeys would be humans; that or the monkeys would be slowly evolving into human like creatures over time. The theory of evolution completely refutes this statement for the reasons stated previously. The theory suggests that we didnÃ¢â¬â¢t come from monkeys or apes but from a common ancestor this can be depicted by a tree of life with many branches. The tree is the common ancestor and the branches are the many species that came from that ancestor. Over time some branches fall off while others flourish turns out we were one of the flourishing branches. The evidence that this is in fact a misconception is fossils and modern day observations. Scientists have found many different kinds of hominid fossils. They are all significantly different and some share the traits of monkeys and apes while some share characteristics of humans nowadays. For example homo sapiens being the ones mostly related to us have a large brain size a forehead that rises sharply, eyebrow ridges that are very small, a prominent chin and a much lighter bone structure than past hominids.
Friday, November 8, 2019
A Modest Proposal, supposedly written by an intelligent and objective "political arithmetician" who had carefully studied Ireland before making his proposal. Most of you probably know this one. The author calmly suggests one solution for both the problem of overpopulation and the growing numbers of undernourished people: breed those children who would otherwise go hungry or be mistreated in order to feed the general public Jonathan Swift is satire of the fact that the poor in Ireland are lack of responsibilities of child bearing. He thinks these people are destroying Dublin by begging on the street with their children whom they cannot support adequately and causing the city overpopulated. On the other hand, these poor children can serve tasty meat for the rich, Ã¢â¬Å"a young healthy child, well nursed, is, at a year old, most delicious, nourishing, and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled.Ã¢â¬ He suggests the solution for overpopulation problem can be solved by citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ becoming carnivores. However, he has no intention of following his proposal, Ã¢â¬Å"I have no children by which I can propose to get a single penny.Ã¢â¬ He proposed this solution to make people aware of what is going on around them.... Free Essays on Modest Proposal Free Essays on Modest Proposal A Modest Proposal, supposedly written by an intelligent and objective "political arithmetician" who had carefully studied Ireland before making his proposal. Most of you probably know this one. The author calmly suggests one solution for both the problem of overpopulation and the growing numbers of undernourished people: breed those children who would otherwise go hungry or be mistreated in order to feed the general public Jonathan Swift is satire of the fact that the poor in Ireland are lack of responsibilities of child bearing. He thinks these people are destroying Dublin by begging on the street with their children whom they cannot support adequately and causing the city overpopulated. On the other hand, these poor children can serve tasty meat for the rich, Ã¢â¬Å"a young healthy child, well nursed, is, at a year old, most delicious, nourishing, and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled.Ã¢â¬ He suggests the solution for overpopulation problem can be solved by citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ becoming carnivores. However, he has no intention of following his proposal, Ã¢â¬Å"I have no children by which I can propose to get a single penny.Ã¢â¬ He proposed this solution to make people aware of what is going on around them....
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
Bio of Ma Rainey, Influential Early Blues Singer Born Gertrude Pridgett, Ma Rainey (April 26, 1886 - December 22, 1939) was one of the first blues singers to record music. Nicknamed the Ã¢â¬Å"Mother of the Blues,Ã¢â¬ she recorded more than 100 singles, including the hits Ã¢â¬Å"Prove it on Me Blues,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"See See Rider Blues,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Fish in My Sea.Ã¢â¬ Fast Facts: Ma Rainey Occupation: Blues singerNickname: Mother of the BluesBorn: 1882 or 1886 in either Russell County, Alabama, or Columbus, GeorgiaParents: Thomas and Ella PridgettDied: Dec. 22, 1939 in Columbus, GeorgiaTop Songs: Prove it on Me Blues, See See Rider Blues, DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Fish in My Sea, Bo-Weavil BluesKey Accomplishments: 1990 Rock Roll Hall of Fame inductee, 1990 Blues Foundation Hall of Fame Inductee, 1994 US postage stamp honoree Early Years Gertrude Pridgett was the second child born to minstrel show performers Thomas and Ella Pridgett. Her birthplace is often listed as Columbus, Ga., and her birth year is widely reported as 1886. However, census records indicate that the singer was born September 1882 in Russell County, Alabama. Her singing career took off during her early teens. Like many African Americans, she honed her musical skills in church. By 1900, she was singing and dancing in GeorgiaÃ¢â¬â¢s Springer Opera House, now a National Historic Landmark. A number of artists have performed at the theater, including Buffalo Bill, John Philip Sousa, Burt Reynolds, and Oscar Wilde. Rainey, however, stands out as one of the early greats to do so.Ã In addition to the career success she enjoyed as a young woman, Rainey hit a milestone in her personal life when she married performer William Ã¢â¬Å"PaÃ¢â¬ Rainey on February 2, 1904. The couple performed as Ã¢â¬Å"MaÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"PaÃ¢â¬ Rainey throughout the South. Traveling so much, especially in rural areas, is what led Ma Rainey to first hear the blues, a new art form at the time.Ã Blues combined African-American spirituals with African musical customs, such as Ã¢â¬Å"blue,Ã¢â¬ or flat notes. Performers would typically repeat the same lines, and the lyrics often discussed heartache or struggles of some sort. When Rainey first heard a singer perform the blues, the woman described a man whoÃ¢â¬â¢d left her. Rainey had never heard anything like it. Introduced in the late 1800s, the blues paved the way for several different music genres, namely RB and rock-n-roll. Ma Rainey came to love the genre so much that she soon started performing blues songs. Her performances thrilled audiences, putting her on the path to become one of the early blues greats. Some scholars have said Rainey influenced younger performers, such as Bessie Smith, the blues singer she met in 1912. But itÃ¢â¬â¢s unclear if Rainey really acted as a mentor to Smith, whose singing style differed from hers. Well into the 1910s, Rainey continued to enjoy musical success, performing with Fat Chappelles Rabbit Foot Minstrels as well as Tollivers Circus and Musical Extravaganza. Their shows included chorus lines, acrobats, and comedy acts. When Rainey sang at the end of the program, she looked every bit the stage diva, turning up in showy jewelry, like diamond headpieces and necklaces made of cash. She even had gold teeth, which complemented the gold gowns she wore.Ã A Hitmaker for Paramount Records In 1916, Rainey began performing without her husband because the two had separated. She did not publicly identify as a lesbian, but some of her later musical lyrics and an arrest for throwing an Ã¢â¬Å"indecentÃ¢â¬ party toward the end of her career suggest she had romantic relationships with women. The newly single Rainey performed with her own backing band, billing herself as Madam Gertrude Ã¢â¬Å"MaÃ¢â¬ Rainey and Her Georgia Smart Sets. Ma Rainey was one of the earliest recording artists to perform blues music. Photo by Donaldson Collection/Getty Images Rainey cut several songs for Paramount Records in 1923. They included the hits Bad Luck Blues, Bo-Weavil Blues, Moonshine Blues, and Those All Night Long Blues. Mamie Smith recorded the earliest blues single three years before. Rainey may not have been the first blues recording artist, but she had a prolific output. She went on to record about 100 blues tracks, and Dead Drunk Blues was among the most popular. Her songs had many themes. The lyrics, like those of many blues songs, focused on romantic relationships; they also discussed drinking and traveling as well as the African-American folk magic known as hoodoo. Although Rainey started out performing in the South, the success of her records led to a tour in the North, where she had dates in cities like Chicago with her backup ensemble, the Wildcats Jazz Band. In the following years, Rainey performed with a number of talented musicians, most famously Louis Armstrong. In 1928, RaineyÃ¢â¬â¢s music career began to slow down, as her type of blues fell out of fashion. Paramount did not renew her contract, despite the slew of hits sheÃ¢â¬â¢d performed for the record label. One of the last tracks she recorded, Prove It On Me Blues, openly discussed her sexual orientation. Ã¢â¬Å"Went out last night with a crowd of my friends,Ã¢â¬ Rainey sang. Ã¢â¬Å"They mustÃ¢â¬â¢ve been women, Ã¢â¬Ëcause I donÃ¢â¬â¢t like no men. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s true I wear a collar and tie. Makes the wind blow all the while.Ã¢â¬ In the promotional image for the song, Rainey is drawn wearing a suit and a hat, speaking with a few women as a policeman eyes her. The song and the image allude to a women-only party Rainey threw 1925. It got so rowdy that a neighbor complained to the police. The women were getting affectionate with one another when the officer arrived, and as party host, Rainey was arrested for throwing an indecent party. While the singer could not openly identify as a lesbian during this era, she is regarded as a gay icon today. SheÃ¢â¬â¢s one of the recording artists featured in Robert PhilipsonÃ¢â¬â¢s 2011 documentary TÃ¢â¬â¢AinÃ¢â¬â¢t NobodyÃ¢â¬â¢s Bizness: Queer Blues Divas of the 1920s. Ma RaineyÃ¢â¬â¢s Impact Today Although Rainey stopped recording new music in the late 1920s, she continued to perform, simply at much smaller venues than she had during the height of her career. In 1935, she retired from the industry, returning to her hometown of Columbus, Ga. There, she purchased two movie halls- the Lyric and Airdome theaters. Ma Rainey died from a heart attack on Dec. 22, 1939.Ã She may have been a singer, but Rainey has been a major influence on black literature and drama. Poets Langston Hughes and Sterling Allen Brown both alluded to her in their works. The August Wilson play Ã¢â¬Å"Ma RaineyÃ¢â¬â¢s Black BottomÃ¢â¬ directly referenced the singer as well. And Alice Walker based blues singer Shug Avery, a character in her Pulitzer Prize-winning novel Ã¢â¬Å"The Color Purple,Ã¢â¬ on artists like Ma Rainey and Bessie Smith. In 1990, Rainey was inducted into the Blues FoundationÃ¢â¬â¢s Hall of Fame and the Rock Roll Hall of Fame. Four years later, the US Postal Service issued a postage stamp in the blues singerÃ¢â¬â¢s honor. Her home in Columbus, Ga., became a museum in her honor in 2007. Sources Freedman, Samuel J. What Black Writers Owe to Music. New York Times, 14 October 1984.Giaimo, Cara. The Queer Black Woman Who Reinvented The Blues. Atlas Obscura, 27 April 2016.ONeal, Jim. Ma Rainey. The Blues Foundation, 10 November 2016.
Sunday, November 3, 2019
International Trade - Essay Example The trade is carried out to share the product or service which is very unique to the region and which has more economical price tag. The best example would be the electronics products from Korea or china are cheaper and efficient than the same products manufactured in the US. So, a trade opportunity between national regions provides an opportunity to explore the share the richness of the other region. The gulf countries exchange oil for the food and other essential commodities with other countries to feed their population and in return supply them with the abundant resources of oil. The proportionality relation depends on the kind of product in offer. An agriculture product like rice in future may be in demand as the supply has declined due to the decrement in the production. The demand is in terms of trade opportunities and the production is in terms of the output. According to world trade organizations statistics, over the period of 50 years after 1947 the volume of world trade increased at an annual rate of slightly more than 6 per cent and world output by close to 4 per cent. The changing character of the demand for the finished goods has been increased in developing countries like India. The low production hubs which were supplying the raw materials for the industries in developed countries has smelled the taste of their natural resources and started to be indigenous in developing their own custom made goods. There was sudden raise of talented lot in the developing countries. The countries which were initially the hubs for supplying the raw resources started providing the human knowledge factor with the skilled labor immigration to developed countries. The developing countries political systems were fine tuned to suite the regional market for the other nationalities for investing, thus providing a platform for the foreign direct investments to pour in to
Friday, November 1, 2019
The relationship of the U.S with Iran and Iraq in the 1980s - Essay Example Anthology; in the chapter 8 of the particular book, under the title Ã¢â¬ËThe Color of ViolenceÃ¢â¬â¢ (INCITE 81) the issue of violence of people belonging in the white race against people of other races is discussed. The pieces of information retrieved through the specific book are analyzed based on a theoretical framework that focuses on the transformation of conflict: the Ã¢â¬ËBig Picture of Conflict Transformation (BPCT) frameworkÃ¢â¬â¢ (Lederach 35). Through this framework certain solutions for facing the expansion of race-based conflicts are presented; however, the success of the relevant measures requires the willingness of the participants to change their beliefs in regard to social exclusion and equality. Such target is rather difficult to be achieved while the actual benefits of any relevant effort could take a long period in order to appear. The BPCT framework is consisted of three layers: at the first level, three aspects of the conflict are reviewed: Ã¢â¬ËIssue, Patterns, and HistoryÃ¢â¬â¢ (Lederach 35). Each of these issues are explained as follows: the Issue element of this layer refers to the present status of the conflict, the Patterns element implies the common forms of the conflict as developed through the years and the History element shows the status/ form of the conflict in its early years (Lederach 34-36). The elements presented above have a unique relationship; this relationship is presented in Figure 1, through a graph based on the BPCT framework of Lederach. The elements of the frameworkÃ¢â¬â¢s first layer interact in the following way: Issue, which equals to Present, is highly influenced by the Patterns; the latter have been gradually developed through the continuation of the conflict for a long term. If the history of the conflict, i.e. its forms in the long past, is checked then the Patterns and the Present status of the conflict would be easier understood. The second